The long jump is comprised of three major features: runway, take-off board and the landing area. For the safety of the athletes, the sand must consist of washed river sand or pure quartz sand, without organic components, maximum 2mm granules, of which not more than 5% in weight is less than 0.2mm.
Method of marking a runway are same as given in javelin.
The length provided for the runway shall be 40m min. and is measured from the beginning of the runway to the take-off line. The runway shall be 1.22m ± 0.01m wide. It shall be marked by white lines 0.05m wide or broken lines 0.05m wide, 0.10m long and 0.50m apart. The runway is usually covered with the same surface as the track.
Take off board
The take-off board shall be rectangular and shall measure 1.22m ± 0.01m long, 0.20m ± 0.002m wide and not more than 0.10m deep. It shall be coloured white. The surface of the take-off board must be flush with the surface of the runway.
The landing area must be 7m to 9m long depending on the distance between its nearer end and the take-off line and shall be 2.75m min. wide. Generally, a landing area length of 8m placed 2m from the take-off line is recommended. The landing area shall, if possible, be so placed that the middle of the runway coincides with the middle of the landing area. If two landing areas are situated parallel side by side, the distance between them must be at least 0.30m. If two landing areas are staggered, the separation between the two areas must also be at least 0.30m.